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Burkina Faso is one of the countries in West Africa surrounded by Mali, Niger; Benin, Togo, Ghana and Ivory Coast. and their official language is French.
Burkina Faso National Identity Card is used to show that one is a citizen of the Republic of Burkina Faso. It is a requirement by law that every Burkina Faso above the age of 15 have one. This card is also commonly known as Omang and is valid for 10 years, after which it must be renewed.
Burkina Faso: Carte d’Identité Nationale Burkinabè (CNIB)
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Burkina Faso National Identity/Voter card Procedure
Burkina Faso faces serious challenges to maintaining a reliable database of civil records such as: births, deaths, and marriages
In fact, many people are born and grow up without ever obtaining documentation which supports their citizenship such as birth certificate, even though, citizenship is based on civil records that demonstrate the link between individuals and the State. In Burkina Faso documents which can be used to determine citizenship are birth certificates, judicial orders which are issued to individuals who were unable to obtain birth certificates or national identity cards. As one can easily imagine such a situation is not without consequences on the quality of the electoral database and its lists of eligible voters.
Requirements for First-time Burkina Faso Applicants National Identity or Voter Card
- The applicant must be at least 15 years old.
- The applicant must come in person to the Registration point
- Birth certificate
- judicial orders
- One copy of each parents’ identity document (If one or both parents are Batswana, copies of their Omang are required. If one of the parents is a foreigner, a copy of their passport is required.)
- 2 recent black and white passport-sized photographs
Establishing the biometric system in Burkina was successful in that it generated enthusiasm among the people during registration in comparison with previous registration periods and it increased voter turnout on election day (more than 70%), yet it is worth noting some shortcomings related to the biometric registration drive:
- The choice of the registration period coincided with the rainy season. Burkina Faso is a country where communication and transportation networks are unevenly developed from one area to another. Consequently, some operators who were going to villages cut off from the rest of country by flooding had to be transported by air;
- Many people in villages did not have the required documents for registration: despite a massive free campaign for the delivery of civil status certificates, many people of voting age did not have these documents;
- The lack of control over the electoral map;
- The generators were not always of good quality; this caused excessive delays in the process and people had to wait in line for several hours to be able to register;
- Some operators were not sufficiently qualified for such work: some of them did not receive training;
- Political parties and civil society were not heavily involved in the campaign to raise public awareness regarding voter registration.
- In some cases, citizens who had their voter cards could not vote because their names were not on the electoral list due to technical problems. The computers on which these people were registered broke down before operators were able save their registration.
- Official website of the Independent National Electoral Commission (CENI): http://www.ceni.bf
- Burkina 24, 25 janvier 2012. « Enrôlement biométrique: le gouvernement autorise l’attribution du marché à GEMALTO »: http://burkina24.com/news/2012/01/enrolement-biometrique-le-gouvernement-autorise-l%E2%80%99attribution-du-marche-a-gemalto/